The Markets (as of market close January 5, 2018)
The first week of 2018 saw equities enjoy a strong start to the new year. Less than a year after breaking the 20000 mark, the Dow soared past 25000 last week. The wide-ranging S&P 500 also posted a record close while climbing 2.60%. The Nasdaq picked up in 2018 right where it left off in 2017, posting a 3.38% weekly gain, boosted by surging technology stocks. Energy stocks were strong as the price of oil rose again last week. As bond prices fell, bond yields moved higher, with the yield on 10-year Treasuries increasing by 6 basis points.
The price of crude oil (WTI) climbed to $61.55 per barrel last Friday, up from the prior week’s closing price of $60.10 per barrel. The price of gold (COMEX) rose to $1,320.90 by early Friday evening, ahead of the prior week’s price of $1,305.10. The national average retail regular gasoline price increased to $2.520 per gallon on January 1, 2018, $0.048 above the prior week’s price and $0.143 more than a year ago.
Last Week’s Economic Headlines
- The employment sector finished 2017 in good shape. There were 148,000 new jobs added in December and the unemployment rate, at 4.1%, was unchanged for the third consecutive month. Job gains occurred in health care, construction, and manufacturing. In 2017, payroll employment growth totaled 2.1 million, compared with a gain of 2.2 million in 2016. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 0.6 percentage point and 926,000, respectively. The labor force participation rate, at 62.7%, was unchanged over the month and over the year. The employment-population ratio was unchanged at 60.1% in December but was up by 0.3 percentage point over the year. The average workweek was unchanged at 34.5 hours in December. Average hourly earnings for December rose by $0.09 to $26.63. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by $0.65, or 2.5%.
- The international trade deficit for goods and services was $50.5 billion in November, up $1.6 billion from October. November exports were $200.2 billion, $4.4 billion more than October exports. November imports were $250.7 billion, $6.0 billion more than October imports. Year-to-date, the goods and services deficit increased $53.4 billion, or 11.6%, from the same period in 2016.
- Purchasing managers noted an improving manufacturing sector in December, according to the survey conducted by IHS Markit. The U.S. Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index™ registered 55.1 in December, up from 53.9 in November — the highest such reading since March 2015. Greater demand spurred acceleration in new orders, stronger production growth, and cost inflation.
- According to the Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®, supply managers/respondents also reported that economic activity in the manufacturing sector expanded in December. The December PMI® registered 59.7%, up from November’s 58.2% reading. New orders, production, supplier deliveries, inventories, and prices increased in December. Only employment decreased last month.
- Growth slowed in the services sector in December, according to the Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®. The Non-Manufacturing Index registered 1.5 percentage points lower than the November reading. Business activity and new orders also decreased last month. On the plus side, business managers reported an uptick in employment and prices. Included in the report are service industries such as retail trade; utilities; arts, entertainment and recreation; health care; accommodation and food services; finance and insurance; and real estate.
- In the week ended December 30, initial claims for unemployment insurance was 250,000, an increase of 3,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 2,000. The advance insured unemployment rate remained 1.4%. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended December 23 was 1,914,000, a decrease of 37,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up 8,000.
Eye on the Week Ahead
Trading is expected to pick up this week following the prior two holiday-shortened weeks. Inflation indicators for December are available this week, led by the Consumer Price Index. Inflation had been stagnant for much of 2017, although consumer demand for goods and services during the holiday season may nudge prices upward — at least for December.
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Data sources: News items are based on reports from multiple commonly available international news sources (i.e. wire services) and are independently verified when necessary with secondary sources such as government agencies, corporate press releases, or trade organizations. Market data: Based on data reported in WSJ Market Data Center (indexes); U.S. Treasury (Treasury yields); U.S. Energy Information Administration/Bloomberg.com Market Data (oil spot price, WTI Cushing, OK); www.goldprice.org (spot gold/silver); Oanda/FX Street (currency exchange rates). All information is based on sources deemed reliable, but no warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy or completeness. Neither the information nor any opinion expressed herein constitutes a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any securities, and should not be relied on as financial advice. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. All investing involves risk, including the potential loss of principal, and there can be no guarantee that any investing strategy will be successful.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is a price-weighted index composed of 30 widely traded blue-chip U.S. common stocks. The S&P 500 is a market-cap weighted index composed of the common stocks of 500 leading companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy. The NASDAQ Composite Index is a market-value weighted index of all common stocks listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange. The Russell 2000 is a market-cap weighted index composed of 2,000 U.S. small-cap common stocks. The Global Dow is an equally weighted index of 150 widely traded blue-chip common stocks worldwide. Market indices listed are unmanaged and are not available for direct investment.